A World of Disputed Territories

• By: André Munro

Antarctica: A number of countries, including United Kingdom, France, and Argentina, have made claims over frozen continent of Antarctica, but these claims have not been recognized by international community since signature of Antarctica Treaty in 1959. treaty forbade countries from taking possession of any part of Antarctica with these solemn words: "in interest of all mankind that Antarctica shall continue forever to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and shall not become scene or object of international discord.” Some experts believe discovery of precious natural resources could change equation and revive countries’ claims to Antarctica. No word yet on a penguin independence movement.

Israel/Palestine: Impossible to ignore, Israel-Palestine conflict is a source of insecurity for Middle East and for world at large.

Taiwan: After Japanese defeat in World War II, island of Taiwan reverted to China. Chinese government itself, however, was soon overthrown on mainland by People’s Liberation Army of Mao Zedong, and new communist state took name People’s Republic of China. nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek went into exile on island, which it continued to rule as Republic of China (ROC). While People’s Republic of China claims sovereignty over “rogue province” of Taiwan, ROC still regards itself as legitimate government of China on both sides of Taiwan Strait.

Kuril Islands: Dispute over this volcano-intensive archipelago of 56 islands is primary reason Japan and Russia have never signed a peace treaty to formalize end of World War II. At end of war, Soviet Union invaded Kuril Islands, some of which Imperial Russia had previously controlled. While transfer of islands to Soviet Union was included in Yalta agreements, Japan continued to claim historical rights to southernmost islands.

Occupied territories of Georgia: are territories occupied by Russia after Russo-Georgian War in 2008. They consist of regions of Abkhazia and former South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast, whose status is a matter of international dispute. Russia does not allow European Union Monitoring Mission to enter either Abkhazia or South Ossetia.

After a 2008 " five-day war " with Georgia, Russia also now effectively controls Abkhazia and South Ossetia, two regions that once were firmly considered part of Georgia.

Transdniestria: proclaimed independence from Moldova and allegiance to Moscow in early 1990s and has been considered a " frozen conflict " ever since, but with an ongoing Russian military presence there.

Crimea: Recent military occupation by Russian forces and subsequent referendum to join Russia has been condemned by many world leaders as illegitimate. Germany's Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier went so far as to say Russia has "opened a Pandora's box" with its swift and widely condemned annexation of Crimea. China abstained from voting on a UN Security Council draft resolution that would have condemned referendum in Crimea as illegal. (A UN General Assembly vote on March 27 condemned occupation by 100 to 11, with 58 abstentions.) But "Crimea is concerning because it sets a precedent for what international system will bear," says Jeffrey Mankoff, deputy director of Russia and Eurasia program at Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C. "There is concern that China, for instance, may take [Russia's annexation of Crimea] as a lesson" it will apply to some of its own territorial disputes: that international consequences of violating borders might not be as severe as once thought. - NationalGeographic.com

Meanwhile, along Russia-Ukraine border, Luhansk and Donetsk regions are marred in conflict as separatists try to take control. As of December, Russia has said that it doesn't want to absorb these "states" into Russia itself, preferring instead that they become autonomous regions within Ukraine. - IO9.gizmodo.com

17.07.11 BNN-news.com Stoltenberg: NATO is on Ukraine’s side and will not recognise Crimea annexation into Russia: NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg during a visit to Ukraine stressed that in the war-torn east of the country, Minsk agreements «must be fully implemented and OSCE monitors be granted full, safe and unhindered access to the whole of Ukraine».

Four, Putin wants to be seen as a historical figure who returned Russia’s allegedly deserved glory. Nobody would argue with this if it meant making country an economically blossoming state with strong democratic rules that are obeyed. This is something Putin could have tried to bring to his country during his nearly 20-year rule, but he did not. Unfortunately for Moscow, it means that world needs to be afraid of Russia—that’s what Kremlin believes respect is. We simply are in a zero-sum game. If Russia bullies countries in Eastern Europe, it doesn’t get friendship or love, but resistance and disdain.
If West wants to satisfy Putin’s demands, it cannot do so without handing over things we hold dear: state sovereignty, right of any nation to choose its own path despite wishes of its bigger neighbor, and freedom of speech. Those are things that have made America great, and you cannot make it great again if you give up on values that are cornerstone of current Western world. Because, yes, things can get much worse, just as they did after 1938 when Western leaders made some really bad decisions.



But there is also “alternativEnglishBRexit for BRENTER

17.07.10 unian.info NATO on Ukraine’s side, never to recognize Crimea annexation – Stoltenberg: NATO will never recognize the illegal annexation of Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula by the Russian Federation, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said in his opening remarks at the meeting of the NATO-Ukraine Commission in Kyiv. Ukraine, NATO launch discussions on membership action plan.

17.02.01 Nationalinterest.org Ukraine-Russia Conflict: A Way Forward
On November 14, 2016, International Criminal Court issued a preliminary finding endorsing Ukraine's claims that Russia had committed acts of aggression against its territory, citizens and infrastructure.

17.03.08 VOAnews.com Topix.com Trump to Ask Merkel's Advice on Putin, Ukraine - US Officials "We are heartened by German government's determination to reach NATO's benchmark of committing 2 percent of GDP to defense by 2024,"the official said.

16.12.21 InformNapalm Complements information of Military Prosecutor’s Office
16.11.27 Censor.NET reported that Military Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine has identified units and equipment of Russian Armed Forces that participated in occupation of Crimea. Prosecutor Ruslan Kravchenko provided this information to Censor.net.

1854 ) Nationalarchives.gov.uk - Many wars have been fought on grounds of strategic importance of a region; many wars have been fought over religious differences. Crimean War was result of both factors.

By Sara Flounders posted on July 12, 2017
Old preconceptions and terms must be challenged in order to have an accurate view of present international situation. Today’s Russian Federation is a vastly different state - socially, politically, economically and militarily - from Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of even 27 years ago. But US military expenditures are estimated at 36 percent to almost 50 percent of total global military expenditures. Russia's expenditures are 4 to 5 percent of global total. There is an insatiable drive to control Russia's great wealth by largest banks and corporations. Economic sanctions imposed by U.S. and EU at this time were specifically designed to hit Russia in its energy sector, where country is most vulnerable...

Explained: Ukraine’s Case Against RF at Hague. Analyzing evidence presented by Ukraine accusing of supporting “terrorism” Ukraine claims that Russia bears responsibility for these acts of “terrorism” in Donbas through its funding, outfitting, and support of separatist forces. Seven civilians died and more than thirty were injured after Russia-backed separatist forces carried out a bombardment of Kramatorsk on February 10, 2015. An investigation from International Partnership for Human Rights (IPHR) found that thirty-two projectiles were fired from four Smerch systems from separatist-controlled territory. Many of other claims made by Russian representatives are absurd when we consider available open source information, especially claim that Russia has not provided weapons or funds to separatist forces.

European Union External Action to Ukraine Council adopts temporary trade preferences “With today's decision, we are allowing more Ukrainian products to be exported to the EU. It is our duty to support Ukraine and strengthen our economic and political ties, also in the face of the ongoing conflict on its soil."

Quora.com - Return Nuclear Status:
In postwar history, annexation of a part of a sovereign country's territory to aggressor state has no precedent
.
Do Kazakhstan and Ukraine have legal right to return nuclear weapon program due to canceling Budapest memorandum assurance?

.com is an online publishing platform developed by Twitter:
Platform is an example of evolved social journalism , having a hybrid collection of amateur and professional people and publications, or exclusive blogs or publishers on Medium and is regularly regarded as a blog host. " Publications " on Medium are distributing hosts that carry articles and blog posts, like a newspaper or magazine .

UkraiNATO Create Army half a Million with an Independent Financial System.
In postwar history, annexation of a part of a sovereign country's territory to aggressor state has no precedent.

Referendum in Ukraine: a Return Nuclear Status!
Russia's aggression against Ukraine has led to RF international isolation, including NATO's suspension of all practical cooperation with Russia. Moscow's takeover of Crimea brazenly defied UN Charter, seizing a part of Ukraine's sovereign territory by military force.

CREATED NEW EURO ARMY:
Annexing a neighboring country’s territory by force, Putin overturned in a single stroke assumptions on which post-Cold War European order has rested.

Top 15 Most Popular Political Websites | ebizmba.com
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- Dailykos.com/blog/EuroKrym -
REFERENDUM IN UKRAINE: A RETURN NUCLEAR STATUS
NEW EURO ARMY an INDEPENDENT FINANCIAL SYSTEM


CBS News.com - Making America's risk of a financial crisis great again
In decades prior to financial crisis, U.S. underwent a period of financial deregulation under assumption that market forces would prevent financial institutions from taking excessive risk. In particular, shadow banking system -- financial institutions that don’t operate as traditional banks -- was lightly regulated...


17.01.22 • Eastern European countries back NATO support against Russia
After Russia annexed Crimean Peninsula in Ukraine three years ago, Obama administration decided to send thousands of American soldiers to Eastern Europe to reinforce its NATO allies. U.S. Ambassador to Poland Paul Jones joins Alison Stewart to discuss ongoing security situation in Europe
.


17.01.22 • U.S. NATO troops surge in Europe after Russian aggression
Obama administration sent thousands of American troops to Europe through North Atlantic Treaty Organization in response to Russian aggression -- largest deployment since end of Cold War. It’s a move that has been denounced by Russia. NewsHour Weekend Special Correspondent Christopher Livesay reports from Germany and Poland about military mission.

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EU sanctions against Russia over Ukraine crisis: In response to the illegal annexation of Crimea and deliberate destabilisation of a neighbouring sovereign country, the EU has imposed restrictive measures against the Russian Federation...

17.02.03 forbes.com What U.N. Ambassador Haley's Comment On Russia Really Means by Kenneth Rapoza, Sectoral sanctions impact Russia's most powerful companies and some of its most powerful oligarchs, from Sberbank to Rosneft, run by Vladimir Putin's close associate, Igor Sechin, a man known locally as "Darth Vader". Removal of those sanctions would likely imply that Russia removes counter-sanctions on European agribusiness. Sanctions are dependent on a Russian-Ukraine peace deal signed last year in Minsk, Belarus. Judging be recent fighting in eastern Ukraine, it appears this peace deal is not working for either side.

17.02.03 CNN.com • UN Ambassador Haley hits Russia hard on Ukraine • By Nicole Gaouette and Richard Roth, US ambassador to United Nations offered a strong condemnation of Russia in her first appearance at UN Security Council on Thursday, calling on Moscow to de-escalate violence in eastern Ukraine and saying that US sanctions against Moscow would remain in place until it withdraws from Crimea. "United States continues to condemn and call for an immediate end to Russian occupation of Crimea," said Nikki Haley, President Donald Trump's envoy to world body. "Crimea is a part of Ukraine. Our Crimea-related sanctions will remain in place until Russia returns control over peninsula to Ukraine." Haley was speaking at an emergency UN meeting about a sudden upsurge in violence in eastern Ukraine, where Russian-backed separatists have been fighting Ukrainian army. Her remarks were noTABLE for stark difference between her rhetoric and Trump's...

17.02.02 Politico.com • Haley: Russian sanctions will continue under Trump • by AIDAN QUIGLEY, U.S. ambassador to United Nations Nikki Haley said Thursday Trump administration will continue U.S. sanctions on Russia over its occupation of Crimea. “Crimea is a part of Ukraine,”

16.11.22 europeansanctions.com • Switzerland mirrors EU & US sanctions on Crimean parliamentarians

16.11.16 belsat.eu Hague Tribunal recognizes Crimean annexation as military conflict between Russia and Ukraine: International Criminal Court (ICC) in Hague has recognized annexation of Crimean peninsula as a military conflict between Russia and Ukraine, and a Russian occupation of Ukrainian territory. This is according to annual issued by Prosecutor of Hague-based International Criminal Court, Fatou Bensouda on November 14, 2016.

17.07.11 Presstv.ir NATO pledges support to Ukraine: Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko says his country will begin talks with NATO on an action plan to join western military alliance. He made comment during a meeting with NATO's secretary general in Kiev, who pledged western military alliance's support for Ukraine.

17.07.11 theIntelligencer.com We're supplying new cybersecurity equipment to Ukraine: Stoltenberg added that the alliance is studying the Ukraine attacks closely. "NATO is learning a lot from Ukraine," he said.

17.03.09 Informnapalm.org ToInformIstoInfluence.com - Hague ICJ: Russia vs. Ukraine Update – 9 March 2017 Russian play appears to be churning out past propaganda constructs, and this is likely intended for a Russian domestic MSM audience. Russian courtroom play may also be intended to produce a maximum of confusion about material facts in minds of jurists in court. Notable is that Russians have hired some Western lawyers to argue their case in ICJ.
YouTube – Ukraine’s Legal Team Rebukes Russia’s Arguments in Hague.
YouTube – Ukraine's Opening Statement in Hague Court Against Russia.

17.03.06 ndtv.com France24.com Politico.eu - Boris Johnson: Russia ‘up to all sorts of no good’ “They are engaged in cyber warfare, engaged in undermining countries in Western Balkans — you have seen what happened in Montenegro — to say nothing of what has happened in eastern Ukraine.”

16.08.10 Independent.co.uk Putin looking for ways ‘justify a war’, Ukraine warns: is looking for ways to justify a war with Ukraine, a spokesman for country's foreign ministry has said. "Putin wants more war. Russia escalates, desperately looks for casus belli against Ukraine, tests West's reaction," a spokesman for Ukraine's foreign ministry, Dmytro Kuleba, wrote on Twitter ...

But there is also “ITALternative
Mountains Shake - Billions Get:

- Italy to spend billions to rebuild quake-damaged towns - Blogspot.com
- l'Italia risponde alla Ue: "Gli scostamenti dovuti a sisma e migranti" - Repubblica.it
- lʼItalia chiede allʼEuropa 7 miliardi di euro soltanto per il sisma - TGcom24.mediaset.it

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Настанет год – России черный год – Когда царей корона упадет, Забудет червь к ним прежнюю любовь,
И пища многих будет смерть и кровь; Когда детей, когда невинных жен Низвергнутый не защитит закон;
Когда чума от смрадных, мертвых тел Начнет бродить среди печальных сел, Чтобы платком из хижин вызывать;
И станет глад сей бедный край терзать, И зарево окрасит волны рек – В тот день явится мощный человек,
И ты его узнаешь – и поймешь, Зачем в руке его булатный нож. И горе для тебя! Твой плач, твой стон
Ему тогда покажется смешон; И будет все ужасно, мрачно в нем, Как плащ его с возвышенным челом.

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All that you were told in childhood about fascists - you can forget. In comparison with Russians, fascists are small children.