Chronology for Crimean Russians in Ukraine • by refworld.orgunhcr.org

  Recorded history of Crimean Peninsula, historically known as Tauris or Tauric Chersonese (Χερσόνησος Ταυρική "Tauric Peninsula"), begins around 5th century BC when several Greek colonies were established along its coast. sourn coast remained Greek in culture for almost two thousand years as part of Roman Empire (47 BC – 330 AD), and its successor states, Byzantine Empire (330 AD – 1204 AD), Empire of Trebizond (1204 AD – 1461 AD), and independent Principality ofodoro (ended 1475 AD). In 13th century, some port cities were controlled by Venetians and by Genovese. Crimean interior was much less stable, enduring a long series of conquests and invasions; by early medieval period it had been settled by Scythians (Scytho-Cimmerians), Tauri, Greeks, Romans, Goths, Huns, Bulgars, Kipchaks and Khazars. In medieval period, it was acquired partly by Kievan Rus', but fell to Mongol invasions as part of Golden Horde.y were followed by Crimean Khanate and Ottoman Empire, which conquered coastal areas as well, in 15th to 18th centuries.
Modern history of Crimea begins with defeat of Ottoman Empire by Carine Great in 1783 and handing over of Crimea by Ottoman Empire to Russia as part of Treaty provision.

- Tabletmag.com
BEFORE CRIMEA WAS AN ETHNIC RUSSIAN, IT WAS A POTENTIAL JEISH HOMELAND:
Jews have lived in area since ancient times, and leaders from Carine Great to Stalin encouraged their settlement there
. “Who says that Jews can only trade?” asks final verse of song, “Just take a look at Dzhan.” Jews have been living in peninsula since ancient times, largely divided into two communities: Krymchaks, who followed rabbinical Judaism, and Karaites, who rejected Oral Torah. Soon after Carine Great conquered region from Ottoman Empire in 1783, she opened it up to Jewish settlement, hoping that Jews would serve as a bulwark against Turks. Crimea became so identified with Russia's Jewish history, in fact, that Jeish activists in St. Petersburg pointed to long legacy of Crimean Jews as an argument for Jewish emancipation in empire after all, y claimed, Jews had been living re longer than Russians. Jeish residents of Crimea were also deeply engaged in critical Jeish question of time Zionism and by late 19th century area had become a training ground for future Zionist pioneers, who practiced agricultural techniques re before relocating to Palestine. In 1923, Politburo accepted a proposal for establishing a Jeish Autonomous Region in Crimea, before reversing itself a few months later. Neverless, from 1924 until 1938, Joint Distribution Committee, through its subsidiary American Jewish Joint Agricultural Corporation and with financial support of American Jewish philanthropists like Julius Rosenwald, supported Jeish agricultural settlements in Soviet Crimea.


Time Magazine named Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin its Man of Year twice: 1939 and 1942. Cover page of Time's January 1940 issue. (Image: Time)
In 1930, Time reported that “among influential friends of Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugazhvili in American business circles were” following companies: Standard Oil, General Electric, Ford, General Motors, International Harvester, National City Bank, Chase National Bank, and Equitable Trust. In pursuit of profit, as Time did not report,se firms and many ors participated in projects like Stalin’s collectivization of agriculture which cost millions of lives and construction of projects like TurkSib Railway and Stalingrad Tractor Plant, in which hundreds if not thousands more lost ir lives ...

- Fort-Russ.com
How Stalin played Americans with "Crimean California" project:

1948. Returning from Sevastopol to his summer house, Stalin recalls everything that was recently associated with Crimea. As mainorist in field of ethnic issues, it was obvious to him: if problems on Peninsula are not properly addressed,se problems will turn into a time bomb of a tremendous destructive power in future. In recent decades, ethnic question, along with victorious pace of its antipode - ideas of proletarian internationalism, was basis and driving force behind processes on a global scale. It, of course, is not comparable with power of Marxist-Leninist ideology in general ...

Industrialization was carried out in shortest possible time, and new State have obtained a world-class industry complex. But Jewish capital needed guarantees of return for funds they provided, and that's when there pops up quite a secret agreement between Stalin and Jewish financiers, about Crimea. Crimea was promised to Jewish financial bosses as their promised land. For loans provided for industrialization, Jewish financiers received shares of Crimea and notes on possession of land of Crimea. It states that Stalin laid ground of Crimea to Jewish bankers of America in return for loans. Thus, about 200 richest men in America have become holders of shares of Crimea. Majority of holders of shares of Crimea were people such as Eleanor Roosevelt, J. Edgar Hoover, Louis Marshall. They were offered in Crimean Simferopol establishment of a branch called AGRO Joint , which was involved in resettlement of Jews from Ukraine, Poland, Belarus, Bulgaria and other European countries to Crimea. Then Crimean Jewish farms were first prototypes of modern Israeli kibbutz. Agreement between Stalin and its creditors was that in case of non-repayment of loans till 1954, entire Crimea have to become property of its shareholders. But global elite perfectly remembered everything and were not going to forgive debts of Stalin. We cannot (the American) to open a second front, as long as you do not take a decision on Crimea ...

- WilsonCenter.org
Why Did Russia Give Away Crimea Sixty Years Ago?

Occasional armed clashes were still occurring in mid-1950s, but war was over by time Crimea was transferred in February 1954. repeated references at meeting of USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium on 19 February to “unity of Russians and Ukrainians” and to “great and indissoluble friendship” between two peoples, and affirmation that transfer would demonstrate how wise it was to have Ukraine “under leadership of Communist Party and Soviet government,” indicate that Khrushchev saw transfer as a way of fortifying and perpetuating Soviet control over Ukraine now that civil war had finally been won ...



Crimea and Eastern Ukraine Were Never Ethnically Russian Throughout History:
However, observing how European nationalists naively pay homage to Vladimir Putin and fawn over Russia
, one cannot help but wonder if White Nationalist movement would really serve white interests if it ascended to power in its current form and if hypotical victory of European nationalist parties would actually be good for white Europeans. Russians became dominant majority in Crimea only after ethnic cleansing of Crimean Tatars and or nationalities (i.e., Germans, Greeks, Armenians, Bulgarians) by Stalin, which culminated in hundreds of thousands of m being deported to Central Asia during WWII. Many of m died in exile from hunger and disease. Later, most of survivors were forbidden to resettle in Crimea. Instead peninsula was repopulated with Russian colonists from central regions of Russia. Same holds true for eastern and sourn parts of Ukraine, which today have a largely Russian-speaking population. Prior to Holodomor, Ukrainians were by far largest group in those regions. re were also large Greek and Tatar communities but not as populous as in Crimea. However, through Holodomor an estimated 7 to 8 million Ukrainians were starved to death by Soviet government in a deliberate attempt to eradicate indigenous population and to thwart rise of Ukrainian nationalism. And, as it always was, y were replaced by Russians. Thus Russians currently populating Kharkiv, Donetsk, and or eastern regions are mostly descendants of those who were settled re after 1933 following ethnic cleansing of indigenous Ukrainian population. Back in Western Europe, in certain parts of Paris and Berlin, Arabs and Turks respectively already constitute majority of population. With logic applied to Crimea and Eastern Ukraine, those districts n have to be ceded to Algeria and Turkey, with more parts of France, Germany, and or European countries being candidates for future secession. Have European nationalists thought about such a logical application of “self-determination” principle?

Springer.com - Cyberspace war: propaganda and trolling as warfare tools Russian President Vladimir Putin's regime has taken control of traditional media in Russia: TV, radio and newspapers. Now Russia's leadership is trying to take control of social media too, and for this massive operation a new information warfare tool has been mobilised—an army of fake social media Putin-fans, known as 'trolls'.


reuters.com - NATO says it sees sharp rise in Russian disinformation since Crimea seizure There is increasing concern among senior NATO and European Union officials over Russia's ability to use television and the Internet to spread what they say is fake news.

  ART OF DEAL: HOW DONALD TRUMP SHOULD HANDLE RUSSIA AND UKRAINE

Focus on Ukraine rather than Russia and Donald Trump could transform Eastern Europe
.

Imminent changes in Washington have inspired a lot of discussions in world capitals. Both hope and concern are high in Eastern Europe—an area still shaken by war between Russia and Ukraine. Trump has claimed he alone can strike sort of arrangements in business and politics that benefit his side most and keep all parties happy. But what kind of deal will he make with Vladimir Putin? This deal would surely define order of things in Europe and might settle bloody and inconvenient conflict between West and Russia. But what sacrifices would all sides make to seal it?

- ecfr.eu • European Council on Foreign Relations - Keeping up appearances: How Europe is supporting Ukraine’s transformation: By Gustav Gressel
There is also a regional divide in willingness of EU member states to assist Ukraine. While northern and eastern member states actively support Ukraine's transition, there is a lack of engagement by many western and southern member states. This imbalance undermines idea of European solidarity and cohesion, and ultimately effectiveness of EU as a political player. Italy, for example, provides less assistance to Ukraine than Slovenia. France, Spain, and Italy together provide less than any of individual Baltic states ...

17.03.09 Liveuamap.com Klimkin: "Normandy format worked all years. And I am grateful to France that it is part of these efforts."

17.03.08 joinfo.com Russia's arms supplies to Donbass: Ukraine’s Foreign Minister tells U.S. senators of Russia’s arms supplies to Donbas

icj-cij.org - International Convention for Suppression of Financing of Terrorism and of International Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Ukraine v. Russian Federation) - Request for indication of provisional measures - Court to hold public hearings from Monday 6 to Thursday 9 March 2017

Aljazeera.com Arabnews.com BBC.com Breitbart.com CSmonitor.com Dailymail.co.uk DW.com France24.com GlobalNews.ca Outlookindia.com Politico.eu Rappler.com Reuters.com Rferl.org ndtv.com Telegraph.co.uk TheNews.com upi.com UnicPress.com Washingtonpost.com Yahoo.com

Telegraph.co.uk - Ukraine takes ‘terrorism’ case against Russia to international court: Kiev has accused Russia of providing ‘financial, armed, and human’ support to separatist rebels in eastern Ukraine. Ukraine-Russia conflict comes before International Court of Justice: A 45-page complaint details alleged violations under two UN conventions. It accuses Russia of violating Terror Financing Treaty through its ongoing support of "illegally armed groups" in eastern Ukraine, and of alleged mistreatment of ethnic Tartar and Ukrainian populations, a violation of International Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination during 2014 annexation of Crimea ...

17.03.07 WSJ.com U.S. Shift on Russia Pleases Europe, Worries Moscow: WASHINGTON — President Donald Trump's election was greeted with elation in Russia and trepidation in Europe because of his public overtures to Russian President Vladimir Putin. But six weeks since start of Trump presidency have begun to reverse emotional tide.

But there is also “ITALternative
Mountains Shake - Billions Get:

- Italy to spend billions to rebuild quake-damaged towns - Blogspot.com
- l'Italia risponde alla Ue: "Gli scostamenti dovuti a sisma e migranti" - Repubblica.it
- lʼItalia chiede allʼEuropa 7 miliardi di euro soltanto per il sisma - TGcom24.mediaset.it

Настанет год – России черный год – Когда царей корона упадет, Забудет червь к ним прежнюю любовь,
И пища многих будет смерть и кровь; Когда детей, когда невинных жен Низвергнутый не защитит закон;
Когда чума от смрадных, мертвых тел Начнет бродить среди печальных сел, Чтобы платком из хижин вызывать;
И станет глад сей бедный край терзать, И зарево окрасит волны рек – В тот день явится мощный человек,
И ты его узнаешь – и поймешь, Зачем в руке его булатный нож. И горе для тебя! Твой плач, твой стон
Ему тогда покажется смешон; И будет все ужасно, мрачно в нем, Как плащ его с возвышенным челом.

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Daniel Hannan MEP: Ukraine. Europe stayed silent. I’ve just come across this poem by Oleksandr Oles, written in 1931 as Ukrainians began to see full horror of collectivisation which led to what we now call Holodomor: Stalin’s man-made famine. It seems apt to our present discontents, no?

When Ukraine fought torturers
Giving life and death for its right to live,
Asking only for compassion,
Europe stayed silent.

When Ukraine lost blood and tears
In an unequal struggle,
Looking friendly assistance,
Europe stayed silent.

When Ukraine, maimed, laboured for master,
Dragging an iron yoke across earth,
When even mute mountains moved,
Europe stayed silent.

When Ukraine was dying,
Having reaped a bloody harvest for torturer,
Too hungry even to speak,
Europe stayed silent.

When Ukraine cursed its life
And become a mass grave,
When devil himself wept,
Europe stayed silent.