Storia di Crimean Peninsula, storicamente conosciuta come Tauris o Tauric Chersoneso (Χερσόνησος Ταυρική "Tauric Penisola"), inizia aC intorno al 5 ° secolo, quando diverse colonie greche sono stati istituiti lungo la costa. costa sourn rimase greca in coltura per quasi duemila anni come parte dell'impero romano (47 aC - 330 dC), e gli Stati successori, bizantino (330 dC - 1204 dC), Impero di Trebisonda (1204 - 1461 dC), e ofodoro Principato indipendente (concluso 1475 dC). Nel 13 ° secolo, alcune città portuali sono stati controllati dai veneziani e dai Genovese. interno di Crimea era molto meno stabile, sopportando una lunga serie di conquiste e invasioni; entro l'inizio del periodo medievale era stata risolta dal Sciti (scito-Crimeo), Tauri, Greci, Romani, Goti, Unni, Bulgari, Kipchaks e Khazars. Nel periodo medievale, è stata acquisita in parte dalla Rus 'di Kiev, ma è sceso a invasioni mongole come parte di Golden Horde.y sono stati seguiti da Khanato di Crimea e Impero Ottomano, che ha conquistato le zone costiere e, al 15 ° a 18 ° secolo.
La storia moderna di Crimea inizia con la sconfitta dell'Impero Ottomano di Carine Grande nel 1783 e la consegna di Crimea da Ottomano alla Russia come parte della disposizione del trattato.

Chronology for Crimean Russians in Ukraine • by refworld.orgunhcr.org

    Il dominio genovese:
Nel XIII secolo due avvenimenti mutarono l'ordine internazionale del Mar Nero e delle steppe eurasiatiche.
Innanzitutto nel 1204 la quarta crociata, guidata dai Veneziani, portò alla temporanea scomparsa dell'Impero bizantino. La costa crimaica rimase nell'area controllata da uno degli stati nati in seguito alla disgregazione dell'Impero d'Oriente, l'Impero di Trebisonda, che chiamò l'area in questione Perateia.

Qualche decennio dopo le steppe eurasiatiche furono sconvolte dall'invasione dei Mongoli, che non risparmiò la Crimea. La penisola fu invasa nel 1237 da Batu Khan, che pose fine al domino cumano, e la parte settentrionale fece parte del canato dell'Orda d'Oro per due secoli. La popolazione cumana rimase, peraltro, a vivere nella penisola e costituì la base etnica dei Tatari di Crimea.
Nel 1261, in seguito al trattato di Ninfeo, i Genovesi sostituirono i Veneziani nel controllo degli stretti del Mar Nero e nel 1266 riuscirono a conquistare alcuni porti sulla costa meridionale della Crimea per utilizzarli come basi d'appoggio per i commerci con i popoli dell'interno. Si stabilirono a Sebastopoli, Cembalo, Soldaia, Tana e soprattutto Caffa, ove stabilirono un'imponente colonia, dal carattere multietnico. L'insieme dei domini genovesi in Crimea si chiamava "Gazaria" (dal nome dei Cazari) ed ebbe fine nel 1475, ovvero ventidue anni dopo la caduta di Costantinopoli.
I Genovesi, tuttavia, non avevano conquistato tutti i territori del Thema Cherson: una parte di essi erano rimasti sotto il controllo del governatore bizantino, il quale peraltrò si dichiarò indipendente dando vita al Principato di Teodoro, che durò anch'esso fino al 1475. Bisogna infine menzionare la presenza in quest'epoca di Armeni "cerchessogai"di cui sono testimonianza numerose chiese e monasteri.



  Colonie genovesi in Crimea e nel Mar Nero
La Repubblica di Genova ebbe colonie e possedimenti nella penisola di Crimea tra il 1266 ed il 1475.

Le principali furono Caffa, Soldaia e Caulita (l'attuale Jalta), ed il loro territorio nella Crimea meridionale veniva chiamato Gazaria.
La Gazaria godeva di autonomia giuridica: il principale testo di legge ivi vigente erano le Regulae et ordinamenta officii Gazariae del 1441.

La zecca di Caffa batteva aspri d'argento,
Nel 1453 la Compagna Communis cedette la Gazaria al Banco di San Giorgio in pagamento di propri debiti.

Le colonie nel Mar Nero erano molte:
Caffa (l'odierna Feodosia) - 1261/66–1475 era la principale stazione genovese in Crimea,
Cherson (l'odierna Sebastopoli) - 1250–1320/1427, Cembalo (l'odierna Balaklava) dal 1357,
Alupka, Caulita (l'odierna Jalta), Lusta (l'odierna Alušta) - 1365–1434,
Soldaia o Sugdeia (l'odierna Sudak) - 1266/87-1322, 1358/65–1475 nel periodo intermedio fu veneziana, ancora oggi è patrimonio Unesco il suo Castello dei Genovesi,
Solgat, o Solhat, Surcati (l'odierna Staryj Krym o Kirim),
Sarsona, Chimmero, Vosporo (l'odierna Kerč) dal 1310.

  Gazaria è un toponimo di epoca medievale, derivato dalla parola "Cazari", con cui venivano indicate le colonie della Repubblica di Genova in Crimea, possedute tra il 1266 ed il 1475


17.03.09 Informnapalm.org ToInformIstoInfluence.com - Hague ICJ: Russia vs. Ukraine Update – 9 March 2017 Russian play appears to be churning out past propaganda constructs, and this is likely intended for a Russian domestic MSM audience. Russian courtroom play may also be intended to produce a maximum of confusion about material facts in the minds of the jurists in the court. Notable is that the Russians have hired some Western lawyers to argue their case in the ICJ.
YouTube – Ukraine’s Legal Team Rebukes Russia’s Arguments in the Hague.
YouTube – Ukraine's Opening Statement in The Hague Court Against Russia.

17.03.06 ndtv.com France24.com Politico.eu - Boris Johnson: Russia ‘up to all sorts of no good’ “They are engaged in cyber warfare, engaged in undermining countries in the Western Balkans — you have seen what happened in Montenegro — to say nothing of what has happened in eastern Ukraine.”

16.08.10 Independent.co.uk Putin looking for ways ‘justify a war’, Ukraine warns: is looking for ways to justify a war with Ukraine, a spokesman for the country's foreign ministry has said. "Putin wants more war. Russia escalates, desperately looks for casus belli against Ukraine, tests West's reaction," a spokesman for Ukraine's foreign ministry, Dmytro Kuleba, wrote on Twitter ...

By Sara Flounders posted on July 12, 2017
Old preconceptions and terms must be challenged in order to have an accurate view of present international situation. Today’s Russian Federation is a vastly different state - socially, politically, economically and militarily - from Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of even 27 years ago. But US military expenditures are estimated at 36 percent to almost 50 percent of total global military expenditures. Russia's expenditures are 4 to 5 percent of global total. There is an insatiable drive to control Russia's great wealth by largest banks and corporations. Economic sanctions imposed by U.S. and EU at this time were specifically designed to hit Russia in its energy sector, where country is most vulnerable...

Explained: Ukraine’s Case Against RF at Hague. Analyzing evidence presented by Ukraine accusing of supporting “terrorism” Ukraine claims that Russia bears responsibility for these acts of “terrorism” in Donbas through its funding, outfitting, and support of separatist forces. Seven civilians died and more than thirty were injured after Russia-backed separatist forces carried out a bombardment of Kramatorsk on February 10, 2015. An investigation from International Partnership for Human Rights (IPHR) found that thirty-two projectiles were fired from four Smerch systems from separatist-controlled territory. Many of other claims made by Russian representatives are absurd when we consider available open source information, especially claim that Russia has not provided weapons or funds to separatist forces.

European Union External Action to Ukraine Council adopts temporary trade preferences “With today's decision, we are allowing more Ukrainian products to be exported to the EU. It is our duty to support Ukraine and strengthen our economic and political ties, also in the face of the ongoing conflict on its soil."

Quora.com - Return Nuclear Status:
In postwar history, annexation of a part of a sovereign country's territory to aggressor state has no precedent
.
Do Kazakhstan and Ukraine have legal right to return nuclear weapon program due to canceling Budapest memorandum assurance?

.com is an online publishing platform developed by Twitter:
Platform is an example of evolved social journalism , having a hybrid collection of amateur and professional people and publications, or exclusive blogs or publishers on Medium and is regularly regarded as a blog host. " Publications " on Medium are distributing hosts that carry articles and blog posts, like a newspaper or magazine .

UkraiNATO Create Army half a Million with an Independent Financial System.
In postwar history, annexation of a part of a sovereign country's territory to aggressor state has no precedent.

Referendum in Ukraine: a Return Nuclear Status!
Russia's aggression against Ukraine has led to RF international isolation, including NATO's suspension of all practical cooperation with Russia. Moscow's takeover of Crimea brazenly defied UN Charter, seizing a part of Ukraine's sovereign territory by military force.

CREATED NEW EURO ARMY:
Annexing a neighboring country’s territory by force, Putin overturned in a single stroke assumptions on which post-Cold War European order has rested.

Top 15 Most Popular Political Websites | ebizmba.com
3

- Dailykos.com/blog/EuroKrym -
REFERENDUM IN UKRAINE: A RETURN NUCLEAR STATUS
NEW EURO ARMY an INDEPENDENT FINANCIAL SYSTEM


CBS News.com - Making America's risk of a financial crisis great again
In decades prior to financial crisis, U.S. underwent a period of financial deregulation under assumption that market forces would prevent financial institutions from taking excessive risk. In particular, shadow banking system -- financial institutions that don’t operate as traditional banks -- was lightly regulated...


17.01.22 • Eastern European countries back NATO support against Russia
After Russia annexed Crimean Peninsula in Ukraine three years ago, Obama administration decided to send thousands of American soldiers to Eastern Europe to reinforce its NATO allies. U.S. Ambassador to Poland Paul Jones joins Alison Stewart to discuss ongoing security situation in Europe
.


17.01.22 • U.S. NATO troops surge in Europe after Russian aggression
Obama administration sent thousands of American troops to Europe through North Atlantic Treaty Organization in response to Russian aggression -- largest deployment since end of Cold War. It’s a move that has been denounced by Russia. NewsHour Weekend Special Correspondent Christopher Livesay reports from Germany and Poland about military mission.

4

17.02.03 forbes.com What U.N. Ambassador Haley's Comment On Russia Really Means by Kenneth Rapoza, Sectoral sanctions impact Russia's most powerful companies and some of its most powerful oligarchs, from Sberbank to Rosneft, run by Vladimir Putin's close associate, Igor Sechin, a man known locally as "Darth Vader". Removal of those sanctions would likely imply that Russia removes counter-sanctions on European agribusiness. Sanctions are dependent on a Russian-Ukraine peace deal signed last year in Minsk, Belarus. Judging be recent fighting in eastern Ukraine, it appears this peace deal is not working for either side.

17.02.03 CNN.com • UN Ambassador Haley hits Russia hard on Ukraine • By Nicole Gaouette and Richard Roth, US ambassador to United Nations offered a strong condemnation of Russia in her first appearance at UN Security Council on Thursday, calling on Moscow to de-escalate violence in eastern Ukraine and saying that US sanctions against Moscow would remain in place until it withdraws from Crimea. "United States continues to condemn and call for an immediate end to Russian occupation of Crimea," said Nikki Haley, President Donald Trump's envoy to world body. "Crimea is a part of Ukraine. Our Crimea-related sanctions will remain in place until Russia returns control over peninsula to Ukraine." Haley was speaking at an emergency UN meeting about a sudden upsurge in violence in eastern Ukraine, where Russian-backed separatists have been fighting Ukrainian army. Her remarks were noTABLE for stark difference between her rhetoric and Trump's...

17.02.02 Politico.com • Haley: Russian sanctions will continue under Trump • by AIDAN QUIGLEY, U.S. ambassador to United Nations Nikki Haley said Thursday Trump administration will continue U.S. sanctions on Russia over its occupation of Crimea. “Crimea is a part of Ukraine,”

16.11.22 europeansanctions.com • Switzerland mirrors EU & US sanctions on Crimean parliamentarians

16.11.16 belsat.eu Hague Tribunal recognizes Crimean annexation as military conflict between Russia and Ukraine: International Criminal Court (ICC) in Hague has recognized annexation of Crimean peninsula as a military conflict between Russia and Ukraine, and a Russian occupation of Ukrainian territory. This is according to annual issued by Prosecutor of Hague-based International Criminal Court, Fatou Bensouda on November 14, 2016.

But there is also “ITALternative
Mountains Shake - Billions Get:

- Italy to spend billions to rebuild quake-damaged towns - Blogspot.com
- l'Italia risponde alla Ue: "Gli scostamenti dovuti a sisma e migranti" - Repubblica.it
- lʼItalia chiede allʼEuropa 7 miliardi di euro soltanto per il sisma - TGcom24.mediaset.it

6

Настанет год – России черный год – Когда царей корона упадет, Забудет червь к ним прежнюю любовь,
И пища многих будет смерть и кровь; Когда детей, когда невинных жен Низвергнутый не защитит закон;
Когда чума от смрадных, мертвых тел Начнет бродить среди печальных сел, Чтобы платком из хижин вызывать;
И станет глад сей бедный край терзать, И зарево окрасит волны рек – В тот день явится мощный человек,
И ты его узнаешь – и поймешь, Зачем в руке его булатный нож. И горе для тебя! Твой плач, твой стон
Ему тогда покажется смешон; И будет все ужасно, мрачно в нем, Как плащ его с возвышенным челом.

9