But there is also “alternativEnglish” BRexit for BRENTER:

Ottoman Crimean War (1853–1856) booksandjournals.brillonline.com


1854 ) Nationalarchives.gov.uk - Many wars have been fought on grounds of strategic importance of a region; many wars have been fought over religious differences. Crimean War was result of both factors.

1856 Treaty of Paris - Britannica.com
Signatories guaranteed independence and territorial integrity of Turkey. Russia was obliged to surrender Bessarabia (situated at mouth of Danube River) to Moldavia, which along with Walachia were reorganized as autonomous states under Ottoman suzerainty. (These two principalities later joined to form Romania.) Black Sea was neutralized (i.e., its waters were closed to all warships), and Danube was opened to shipping of all nations. In 1870 Russia repudiated demilitarization of Black Sea and began to rebuild its naval fleet there.

History.com 8 Things You May Not Know About Crimean War: War helped convince Russia to sell Alaska to United States:
Several factors were involved in Russia’s decision to offload its North American territories in Alaska, but most pressing arose after its defeat in Crimea. czarist government found itself in desperate need of gold to offset its crushing war debts, and there were concerns that Alaska might to be lost to likes of Great Britain in a future war. United States, which had been friendly with Russia during Crimean War, eventually emerged as an obvious buyer for territory. In 1867, after a delay caused by Civil War, Secretary of State William Seward inked a deal to purchase Alaska for cut-rate price of $7.2 million—the equivalent of just two cents an acre. deal proved to be a remarkable investment, but it was initially unpopular among American politicians, some of whom took to calling Alaska “Seward’s folly” and “Seward’s icebox.”

- Vienna Settlement - BBC.co.uk
Ultimately, Britain was unable to balance new system and European Great Powers finally returned to war in 1914, ninety-nine years after Vienna Settlement. Crimean War was a decisive turning point in European history, marking end of Vienna settlement, and beginning of a new system.

All that you were told in childhood about fascists - you can forget. In comparison with Russians, fascists are small children

17.02.27 abqjournal.com - Russia is undermining Europe’s democracies
One of most startling allegations in a January report by U.S. intelligence agencies about Russian hacking was this sentence: “Russia has sought to influence elections across Europe.” This warning of a campaign far broader than U.S. got little attention in America. Russians are masters of what they call “active measures” in “information space.” Their intelligence services have been using “fake news” and stolen information for more than a century to try to manipulate Europe and America.

17.02.18 YouTube.com - IsraelNationalNews.com - theStar.com - OneNewsNow.com - USAtoday.com - CNN.com - - WashingtonPost.com - Lifezette.com - Vice President Mike Pence assured Europe during a speech at a security conference in Germany that United States “will continue to hold Russia accountable,” even as President Donald Trump seeks to improve relations between two countries. “Know this: United States will continue to hold Russia accountable, even as we search for new common ground, which as you know, President Trump believes can be found,” Pence said, adding that “we must hold Russia accountable and demand that they honor Minsk Agreements, beginning by de-escalating violence in eastern Ukraine.” Pence took a defiant stance in his speech, indicating that US will not stand idly by as Russia breaches agreements. “In wake of Russian efforts to redraw international borders by force rest assured, United States, along with United Kingdom, Canada, and Germany, will continue its leadership role as a framework nation in Enhanced Forward Presence Initiative and support other critical joint actions to support our alliance,” Pence said ...

17.02.17 Reuters.com - Trump's defense chief sees no military collaboration with Russia
Remarks are perhaps strongest indication yet from Trump administration that prospects for any significant cooperation between U.S. and Russian militaries against Islamic State in Syria is unlikely anytime soon.

17.01.24 Politicshome.com - US defence secretary tells Michael Fallon US support for Nato 'unshakeable'
- US defence secretary has reassured British Government about new administration’s “unshakeable commitment” to Nato. Donald Trump has made a series of critical comments about alliance, including branding it “obsolete” just before he became president last week
.

17.01.17 Time.com - Read Full Text of Samantha Power’s Scathing Speech on Russia
"For years, we have seen Russia take one aggressive and destabilizing action after another"

U.S. Ambassador to U.N. Samantha Power gave her final major speech of her tenure on Tuesday, addressing Atlantic Council in remarks that eschewed softball subjects in favor of what she described as “a major threat facing our great nation: Russia.” Power has not hesitated to get tough on Russia in recent months. Commenting on tragedy in Aleppo in December, she said, “To Assad regime, Russia, and Iran — three Member States behind conquest of and carnage in Aleppo — you bear responsibility for these atrocities … Are you truly incapable of shame? Is there literally nothing that can shame you? Is there no act of barbarism against civilians, no execution of a child that gets under your skin?” Her remarks on Tuesday touched again on Syria, and also addressed Russia’s efforts to “interfere in our presidential election, with goals of undermining public faith in U.S. democratic process.” Read full remarks here.

17.01.16 majalla.com - Russia Will Have to Face in 2017 Russia’s foreign adventures gained a new momentum when President Putin’s government annexed Ukraine’s Crimea peninsula in 2014. Months later a war broke out in Ukraine’s Donbas region. separatists, backed by Russian forces, engaged in an unending war with Ukrainian forces. This conflict remains remains unresolved. Crimea and Donbas turned out to be more expensive for Russia than Mr. Putin may have imagined. international community Russia’s annexation of Crimea. US and EU placed heavy economic sanctions on Russia, which conveniently coupled with plummeting energy prices and drove Russian economy into a recession. price of Russia’s aggression in Ukraine went well beyond just dollars and rubles; it also came in form of Russia’s complete isolation from West. During its summit in summer 2016 NATO declared Russia as a major threat next to ISIS. On December 19, 2016, UN General Assembly adopted a resolution which recognized Russia as an occupying power, and Autonomous Republic of Crimea and city of Sevastopol – as occupied territories. Thus Russia has spent over two years funding Crimea (as its own territory), paying for a war in Donbas, and surviving under Western economic sanctions. Despite Russia’s participation in Minsk I and II ceasefire talks, no actual ceasefire has been achieved in Donbas, and situation in eastern Ukraine remains dire. As Western and international organizations continue to condemn Russia’s actions in Ukraine with no resolution in sight, it seems that while Ukraine is tremendously affected by Russian aggression, Russia, in return, is going to have to continue to pay consequences of its actions there too. Thus for 2017 getting Ukraine-related Western sanctions lifted will be one of top priorities for Mr. Putin’s government.

17.01.19 Ukraine Tries Do-It-Yourself Military Upgrade While Awaiting Trump
- Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News

17.01.01 Politico.eu - Putin’s real long game. World order we know is already over, and Russia is moving fast to grab advantage. Can Trump figure out new war in time to win it? A little over a year ago, on a pleasant late fall evening, I was sitting on my front porch with a friend best described as a Ukrainian freedom fighter. He was smoking a cigarette while we watched southeast D.C. hipsters bustle by and talked about “the war” — big war, being waged by Russia against all of us, which from this porch felt very far away. I can’t remember what prompted it — some discussion of whether government in Kiev was doing something that would piss off EU — but he took a long drag off his cigarette and said, offhand: “Russia. EU. It’s all just more Molotov-Ribbentrop shit.”

16.12.21 InformNapalm Complements information of Military Prosecutor’s Office
16.11.27 Censor.NET reported that Military Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine has identified units and equipment of Russian Armed Forces that participated in occupation of Crimea. Prosecutor Ruslan Kravchenko provided this information to Censor.net.

16.11.30 PowerLineBlog.com - theSun.co.uk
RUSSIANS ARE COMING Invasion fears as land-grabbing Putin ‘masses 55,000 troops on border with Ukraine’
Ukrainian intelligence reports massive build-up of Russian military forces on its border, is reportedly deploying a massive army on Ukrainian border amid fears of an imminent invasion which risks destabilising Eastern Europe. Ukraine is digging in because it is convinced Vladimir Putin wants to topple its pro-West government.

Welcome to - Quora - is built by people like you who write answers to share their knowledge.

econ.economicshelp.org - Economic Impact of War It is ironic that, from a certain perspective, war can be beneficial for an economy.
War leads to higher government spending, higher employment and can therefore provide a boost to domestic demand, economic growth and help reduce unemployment. However, this boost to domestic demand doesn’t have to come from military spending. But, war is often a very good excuse for government to borrow much more than it could do in peace time. UK national debt is currently 60% and everyone thinks we need to cut spending and reduce level of debt. But, in war time, UK national debt has often risen above 150% of GDP. (in war, there is often a patriotic fervour to buy ‘war bonds’ – A patriotic fervour which wouldn’t be there in current climate.

Tyler Cowen, 2014 - NYtimes.com - Lack of Major Wars May Be Hurting Economic Growth Continuing slowness of economic growth in high-income economies has prompted soul-searching among economists. They have looked to weak demand, rising inequality, Chinese competition, over-regulation, inadequate infrastructure and an exhaustion of new technological ideas as possible culprits.

Quora.com - Return Nuclear Status:
In postwar history, annexation of a part of a sovereign country's territory to aggressor state has no precedent
.
Do Kazakhstan and Ukraine have legal right to return nuclear weapon program due to canceling Budapest memorandum assurance?

Explained: Ukraine’s Case Against RF at Hague. Analyzing evidence presented by Ukraine accusing of supporting “terrorism” Ukraine claims that Russia bears responsibility for these acts of “terrorism” in Donbas through its funding, outfitting, and support of separatist forces. Seven civilians died and more than thirty were injured after Russia-backed separatist forces carried out a bombardment of Kramatorsk on February 10, 2015. An investigation from International Partnership for Human Rights (IPHR) found that thirty-two projectiles were fired from four Smerch systems from separatist-controlled territory. Many of other claims made by Russian representatives are absurd when we consider available open source information, especially claim that Russia has not provided weapons or funds to separatist forces.

.com is an online publishing platform developed by Twitter:
Platform is an example of evolved social journalism , having a hybrid collection of amateur and professional people and publications, or exclusive blogs or publishers on Medium and is regularly regarded as a blog host. " Publications " on Medium are distributing hosts that carry articles and blog posts, like a newspaper or magazine .

UkraiNATO Create Army half a Million with an Independent Financial System.
In postwar history, annexation of a part of a sovereign country's territory to aggressor state has no precedent.

Referendum in Ukraine: a Return Nuclear Status!
Russia's aggression against Ukraine has led to RF international isolation, including NATO's suspension of all practical cooperation with Russia. Moscow's takeover of Crimea brazenly defied UN Charter, seizing a part of Ukraine's sovereign territory by military force.

CREATED NEW EURO ARMY:
Annexing a neighboring country’s territory by force, Putin overturned in a single stroke assumptions on which post-Cold War European order has rested.

Top 15 Most Popular Political Websites | ebizmba.com

- Dailykos.com/blog/EuroKrym -
REFERENDUM IN UKRAINE: A RETURN NUCLEAR STATUS
NEW EURO ARMY an INDEPENDENT FINANCIAL SYSTEM


CBS News.com - Making America's risk of a financial crisis great again
In decades prior to financial crisis, U.S. underwent a period of financial deregulation under assumption that market forces would prevent financial institutions from taking excessive risk. In particular, shadow banking system -- financial institutions that don’t operate as traditional banks -- was lightly regulated...


17.01.22 - Eastern European countries back NATO support against Russia
After Russia annexed Crimean Peninsula in Ukraine three years ago, Obama administration decided to send thousands of American soldiers to Eastern Europe to reinforce its NATO allies. U.S. Ambassador to Poland Paul Jones joins Alison Stewart to discuss ongoing security situation in Europe
.


17.01.22 - U.S. NATO troops surge in Europe after Russian aggression
Obama administration sent thousands of American troops to Europe through North Atlantic Treaty Organization in response to Russian aggression -- largest deployment since end of Cold War. It’s a move that has been denounced by Russia. NewsHour Weekend Special Correspondent Christopher Livesay reports from Germany and Poland about military mission.

EU sanctions against Russia over Ukraine crisis: In response to the illegal annexation of Crimea and deliberate destabilisation of a neighbouring sovereign country, the EU has imposed restrictive measures against the Russian Federation...

17.02.15 Independent.co.uk - Donald Trump accuses Russia of taking Crimea by force in attempt to distance himself from campaign allegations. White House spokesman Sean Spicer says Mr Trump expects Moscow to hand Crimea back. "Crimea was TAKEN by Russia during Obama Administration. Was Obama too soft on Russia?" Ukraine says referendum was a sham held at gunpoint after Russian troops illegally annexed peninsula, that Russia-friendly president Viktor Yanukovych was ousted by people power, and that Moscow should return Crimea ...

17.02.14 Reuters.com • White House: Trump expects Russia to return Crimea to Ukraine • (Reporting by Ayesha Rascoe; Writing by Washington Newsroom; Editing by Eric Walsh), U.S. President Donald Trump made it clear he expects Russia to return Crimea to Ukraine and reduce violence in Ukraine, White House spokesman Sean Spicer said on Tuesday. "President Trump has made it very clear that he expects Russian government to de-escalate violence in Ukraine and return Crimea," Spicer said at a daily news briefing. "At same time, he fully expects to and wants to get along with Russia." Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea in 2014.

17.02.07 europeansanctions.com • EU & UK commitment to russia sanctions • February 7, 2017 by Michael O'Kane,
EU foreign ministers have reaffirmed their commitment to continuing sanctions against Russia until it complies with its obligations under Minsk peace agreements. G7 nations also took this position when they met in May last year. EU’s High Representative Federica Mogherini said that although she “cannot say where US administration stands on this…I can say where Europeans stand on this”. Setting out UK’s position, UK Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson stated that “The UK will be insisting that there is no case for relaxation of sanctions, every case for keeping up pressure on Russia”

17.02.05 youtube.com UN ambassador Nikki Haley declared that existing US sanctions would stay in place against Russia stemming from its annexation of peninsula of Crimea from Ukraine, amid renewed fighting in eastern part of country this week. "I consider it unconscionable that occasion of my first appearance here is one in which I must condemn aggressive actions of Russia," Haley said Thursday, February 2, 2017. "The dire situation in eastern Ukraine is one that demands clear and strong condemnation of Russian actions. "

But there is also “ITALternative
Mountains Shake - Billions Get:

- Italy to spend billions to rebuild quake-damaged towns - Blogspot.com
- l'Italia risponde alla Ue: "Gli scostamenti dovuti a sisma e migranti" - Repubblica.it
- lʼItalia chiede allʼEuropa 7 miliardi di euro soltanto per il sisma - TGcom24.mediaset.it

Настанет год – России черный год – Когда царей корона упадет, Забудет червь к ним прежнюю любовь,
И пища многих будет смерть и кровь; Когда детей, когда невинных жен Низвергнутый не защитит закон;
Когда чума от смрадных, мертвых тел Начнет бродить среди печальных сел, Чтобы платком из хижин вызывать;
И станет глад сей бедный край терзать, И зарево окрасит волны рек – В тот день явится мощный человек,
И ты его узнаешь – и поймешь, Зачем в руке его булатный нож. И горе для тебя! Твой плач, твой стон
Ему тогда покажется смешон; И будет все ужасно, мрачно в нем, Как плащ его с возвышенным челом.



Daniel Hannan MEP: Ukraine. Europe stayed silent. I’ve just come across this poem by Oleksandr Oles, written in 1931 as Ukrainians began to see full horror of collectivisation which led to what we now call Holodomor: Stalin’s man-made famine. It seems apt to our present discontents, no?

When Ukraine fought torturers
Giving life and death for its right to live,
Asking only for compassion,
Europe stayed silent.

When Ukraine lost blood and tears
In an unequal struggle,
Looking friendly assistance,
Europe stayed silent.

When Ukraine, maimed, laboured for master,
Dragging an iron yoke across earth,
When even mute mountains moved,
Europe stayed silent.

When Ukraine was dying,
Having reaped a bloody harvest for torturer,
Too hungry even to speak,
Europe stayed silent.

When Ukraine cursed its life
And become a mass grave,
When devil himself wept,
Europe stayed silent.